New registrations of Class 8 commercial vehicles in the U.S. declined 19.7% through November 2016, based on the latest analysis by business information provider IHS Markit. The decline among Class 8 vehicles contributed significantly to an overall drop of 3.5% for the full commercial vehicle market, despite all other gross vehicle weight (GVW) categories achieving year-over-year (YOY) growth through November. Within Class 8, the decline was greatest in tractors, down 27.8%, with straight trucks improving 2.9% in the 11-month timeframe. An overview of the various weight classes and their respective YOY change are as follows:


Weight Class       YOY Change

(Jan. – Nov. 2015 vs. Jan. – Nov. 2016)

GVW 3       +1.4%
GVW 4       +21.7%
GVW 5       +8.8%
GVW 6       +13%
GVW 7       +0.7%
GVW 8       -19.7%
Overall       -3.5%


“The market for commercial vehicles in GVWs 3 – 8 has performed in line with IHS Markit expectations during the 2016 calendar year,” said Gary Meteer, Director, Commercial Vehicle Solutions for IHS Markit. “The decline in GVW 8 new registrations by large (501+) fleets was first identified during the middle of the 2015 calendar year and the subsequent decline continued throughout the 2016 calendar year.

“These large fleets accounted for less than 40% of new GVW 8 registrations prior to the 2008 calendar year, and reached a peak of over 50% during the 2011 calendar year,” Meteer said. “The recovery in GVW 8 new registrations will need renewed activity by these large fleets if the annual volume is to remain in the 225,000 – 250,000 unit range annually.”

IHS Markit also considered a number of other statistics for the commercial vehicle market as it reviewed the most recent figures.


Leading Brands

From a brand leadership perspective, Ford remains the top-selling brand in the commercial vehicle market, with new registrations up 10% YOY for the timeframe as a result of its strong penetration in a few classes: GVW 3 (45.2% share), GVW 4 (60.5% share) and GVW 5 (67.9% share). In GVW 8, Freightliner remains the segment leader with 34.4% share, followed by Kenworth (14.9% share) and Peterbilt (13.9% share).


Regional Analysis Shows Mix of Growth and Decline

When dissecting the data by U.S. region, some trends are clear. The West and Northeast U.S. (as defined by IHS Markit) achieved modest growth through November 2016, leading with 6.8% in the West and 6.1% in the Northeast. Conversely, the South and Central regions of the country experienced declines, with the South being 4.3% down YOY and the Central region of the country experiencing a 15% decline.


Large Fleet Registrations Declined Overall, but GVWs Varied Significantly

The IHS Markit analysis found that new commercial vehicle registrations among large fleets (those with 501+ units) were down 8.7% compared to the same 11-month timeframe in 2015, yet the variances between growth and decline when looking at the various GVW classes are significant. A full view of the market changes by GVW among large fleets is as follows:


Weight Class       YOY Change

(Jan. – Nov. 2015 vs. Jan. – Nov. 2016)

GVW 3       +9.3%
GVW 4       +37.6%
GVW 5       +13.3%
GVW 6       +16.1%
GVW 7       -5.2%
GVW 8       -26.5%
Overall       -8.7%


2017 Sales Expected to Be Neutral to Slightly Up

IHS Markit forecasts that 2017 will be a year of stabilization for the U.S. truck market, with the first quarter of the year still showing YOY lower sales figures. An increase in the key trucking markets is expected to occur in the second and particularly third quarter onward. The aggregate Class 4 – 8 truck sales (excluding bus and motor home) should settle in the range of roughly 400,000 for the full year, virtually flat from 2016. Class 8 will likely give back an additional 10,000 sales from last year, while the Class 4 – 7 medium-duty sector is expected to show gains in most weight classes, thus offsetting the heavy-duty softness of early 2017.

IHS Markit experts will attend Heavy Duty Aftermarket Week in Las Vegas. Demonstrations of IHS Markit solutions for the commercial vehicle industry and aftermarket will be available in the IHS Markit exhibit, booth 1015. In addition, IHS Markit will present the HDMA Hall of Fame Award during the Tuesday, January 24 general session.